Cognitive impairment is one of the defining features of dementia. In the milder stages of the disease, it is the most disabling and distressing feature for the individual and so has a massive impact on their family. The signs of cognitive impairment begins to reduce the performance of daily activities.
People with mild dementia experience forgetfulness, difficulty recalling words, and short-term memory loss. The person faces difficulty keeping in mind any important dates, events, and even names of people. The person’s thinking skills are also affected. He/She may not be able to make proper decisions and judge the outcome of events promptly.
Mild dementia increases the risk of developing the higher stages of dementia which include Alzheimer’s Dementia and Vascular dementia. Therefore, management of early signs and symptoms of mild cognitive is essential in preventing the progression of dementia.
No effective preventive pharmacological intervention has yet been developed to treat these cognitive impairments associated with dementia. Rather, the only strong treatment mode for this is non-pharmacological intervention promoting social, physical, and cognitive functioning. An effective way to approach these symptoms is to use occupational therapy and let the specialized care help a person with dementia feel safer and more secure with his tasks of daily life.
There is a great deal of evidence supporting that intellectual stimulation can prevent cognitive decline. The can be achieved through various methods such as using the computer, playing games, and reading books. The most effective way to prevent dementia or to aid in recovery from its early forms is through social interactions.
Dementia carers have been recognized to be of prime importance in helping someone with dementia function productively and independently. They help in stimulating the mental capabilities of a person with symptoms of cognitive impairment and greatly prevent the risk of the progression quicker.
With the emergence of advanced technology, numerous new methods are being discovered to aid dementia patients. One such method is gamification which provides dementia patients cognitive stimulation at home. Selected dementia symtpoms adapted games will help them reduce their anxiety and stress levels making them more engaged in life skills and memory.